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Page #
Significance of Quotation
"Then wear the gold hat, if that will move her; If you can bounce high, bounce for her too, Till she cry 'Lover, gold-hatted, high-bouncing lover, I must have you" - Thomas Parke D'Invilliers
This quote can represent the different possible titles that Fitzgerald considered for the novel ('Gold-hatted Gatsby' and 'High-bouncing Lover'), but it can also represent Gatsby in the novel and how he puts on a 'golden hat' and become successful in order to win Daisy's heart.
Jay Gatsby
"Hard mouth and a supercilious manner"
Describing Tom's appearance. Gives the impression that he is fairly intimidating and haughty.
Tom Buchanan
"Two shining arrogant eyes"
Describing Tom's appearance, making the feeling of Tom evil.
Tom Buchanan
"Leaning aggressively forward"
Shows Tom's aggressive stance.
Tom Buchanan
"A cruel body."
Describing Tom's appearance.
Tom Buchanan
"Impression of fractiousness"
Shows Tom's aggression once again (fractiousness: quarrelsome, wanting to pick a fight)
Tom Buchanan
"Civilisation is going to pieces" "If we don't look out the white race will be -- will be utterly submerged"
In these quotes Tom is talking about 'The Rise of the Coloured Empires' a novel by Goddard. he is talking about how he thinks that if he does not watch out on behalf of the white people, that the "Coloured Empires" a.k.a. blacks and other races may take over and "utterly submerge" the whites. This shows that Tom Buchanan is a profound racist and also sees himself as an ambassador and protector for white people.
Tom Buchanan
"We all looked - the knuckle was black and blue"

"You did it, Tom, she said accusingly"
When talking about Tom injuring Daisy's knuckle and calling him a brute.
Tom Buchanan
"broke out Tom violently"
Shows Tom's aggression.
Tom Buchanan
"It's all scientific stuff; it's been proved."
Regarding Tom's racism and ignorance, and how he believes his opinion is correct because it has 'scientific backing'.
Tom Buchanan
"It's up to us, who are the dominant race, to watch out or these other races will have control of things"
Regarding Tom's racism, and how the whites are the master race and must beware of the other races, looking down at other people who aren't like him.
Tom Buchanan
"I'm glad it's a girl. And I hope she'll be a fool -- that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool."
Daisy hopes that her daughter will be a fool, which possibly reflects her own cynicism and belief that that's the only way one can get through life. It shows that perhaps, even the people who seem to have it all (the superficial American Dream), might not. Even though they're in the center of the universe (New York), they aren't happy.
Daisy Buchanan
"Short, deft movement"
This is when Tom breaks Myrtle's nose with an open hand, showing his incredible strength and anger management issues as Myrtle talks about Daisy, along with hints of sexism as to how he believes he is in a position to punish Myrtle for her words.
Tom Buchanan
''Self control! I suppose the latest thing is to sit back and let Mr Nobody from Nowhere make love to your wife."
Tom can't stand the jealousy, because he sees Daisy with Gatsby and he is aware of their affair. This is also fairly hypocritical, as Tom himself is in an affair.
Tom Buchanan
"Nowadays people begin by sneering at family life and family institutions and next they'll throw everything overboard and have intermarriage between black and white."
This is one of the most powerful things Tom Buchanan says, it sums his personality up in a line, ridiculing Gatsby's achievements to his face. He actively speaks out about his snobbery against 'New Money' people such as Gatsby and also continues to convey his racist ideology.
Tom Buchanan
"They were careless people, Tom & Daisy-- they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made..."
This famous statement sums up Tom's main function in the novel; the way he destroys everything and everybody he comes into contact with, letting others suffer from his actions, to 'let other people clean up the mess', while he retreats back to his money.
Tom & Daisy Buchanan,
Nick Carraway